Girls/women face particular challenges when it comes to empowerment, involvement, leadership and influence decision making processes. Many of these challenges relate to cultural norms, social structures and lack of platforms for women. This limits the possibilities for girls/women to nurture their talents, devote time for personal development and get their voices heard.

According to UN-HABITAT, women and girls still experience a higher degree of insecurity and vulnerability to violence (both in public and private realms). This limits their socioeconomic opportunities and access to city services, in comparison to their male counterparts.